JDK5, Tiger, Thread code examples

Written by me. :-)

Stopping a thread made easy

import java.util.concurrent.*;

public class StopExample {
  
  public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {

    // This executor creates a thread if there are no thread available.
    // If there are previously created but idle threads, reuse them.    
    ExecutorService exec = Executors.newCachedThreadPool();
    exec.execute(
        new Runnable() { 
          public void run() {
            try {
              while(true) {
              Thread.sleep(10); 
              System.out.println(“##”);
              }
            } catch(InterruptedException ie) {}
          }
        });
    
    for (int i = 100 ; i >= 0; i–) {
      System.out.println(i);
      Thread.sleep(1);
    }
      
    exec.shutdownNow();
    
  }

}

Asynchronous function call: In JDK 1.4 or below,it’s not easy to correctly implement codes equivalent to the following.

import java.util.concurrent.*;

public class AsyncExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws ExecutionException, InterruptedException {

        ExecutorService exec = Executors.newCachedThreadPool();

        Callable<Integer> c = new Callable<Integer>() {
            public Integer call() {

                // after long computation
                try { Thread.sleep(1000); } catch(InterruptedException ioe) {}
                return 1;
            }
        };

        Future<Integer> result = exec.submit(c);

        while (result.isDone() == false) {
            System.out.println(“Not yet.”);
        }

        System.out.println(“We’ve got: ” + result.get());

        // exec should be shutdown to stop this program
        exec.shutdown();
    }
}

Producer Consumer based on a priority queue

import java.util.*;
import java.util.concurrent.*;

public class ProducerConsumerExample {

  public static void main(String[] args) {

    // creates a unbounded threadsafe queue
    final PriorityBlockingQueue<Integer> queue = new PriorityBlockingQueue<Integer>();
    final Random r = new Random();

    // A thread pool which reuses previously created threads
    ExecutorService exec = Executors.newCachedThreadPool();

    // Latch for starting threads
    final CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(10);

    Runnable producer = new Runnable() {
      public void run() {

        // wait for start signal
        try { latch.await(); } catch(InterruptedException ie) {}

        System.out.println(“Producer started.”);

        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
          int value = r.nextInt() % 10;
          queue.offer(value);
          System.out.println(“Produced: ” + value);

          try { Thread.sleep(Math.abs(r.nextInt() % 100)); } catch(InterruptedException ie) {}
        }
      }
    };

    Runnable consumer = new Runnable() {
      public void run() {

        // wait for start signal
        try { latch.await(); } catch(InterruptedException ie) {}

        System.out.println(“Consumer started.”);

        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
          Integer value = queue.poll();
          if (value != null)
            System.out.println(“Consumed: ” + value);

          try { Thread.sleep(Math.abs(r.nextInt() % 100)); } catch(InterruptedException ie) {}
        }
      }
    };

    exec.execute(producer);
    exec.execute(consumer);

    // Threads are not started yet.
    for (int i = 10; i >= 0; i–) {
      System.out.println(“Counting down: ” + i);
      try { Thread.sleep(200); } catch(InterruptedException ie) {}
      latch.countDown();
    }

    exec.shutdown();
  }
}


Sample Output: Note that smaller values are consumed earlier.

[pool007@dke tmp]$ java ProducerConsumerExample
Counting down: 10
Counting down: 9
Counting down: 8
Counting down: 7
Counting down: 6
Counting down: 5
Counting down: 4
Counting down: 3
Counting down: 2
Counting down: 1
Counting down: 0
Producer started.
Produced: -7
Consumer started.
Consumed: -7
Produced: 7
Consumed: 7
Produced: 4
Produced: -4
Consumed: -4
Produced: 6
Consumed: 4
Consumed: 6
Produced: 7
Produced: -7
Consumed: -7
Consumed: 7
Produced: 4
Consumed: 4
Produced: -9
Produced: 2
Consumed: -9

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